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FOI/RTI in Constitutions

In this section you will find details about the constitutional status of RTI in South Asian countries. The Constitutions of Afghanistan, Bhutan, the Maldives, Nepal and Pakistan contain specific references to RTI as a fundamental right of their peoples. In countries like Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka the Courts have read RTI into other fundamental rights (the bold part should be hyperlinked to case laws) guaranteed by the respective Constitutions. So RTI is a deemed fundamental right in these countries. Please click on the name of the country to find out the constitutional status of RTI.


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Article 50 of the Constitution guarantees the right to information as follows: “The citizens of Afghanistan shall have the right of access to information from state departments in accordance with the provisions of the law. This right shall have no limit except when harming rights of others as well as public security.”...Read more
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Article 27 of the Interim Constitution guarantees the right to information as follows: “Every citizen shall have the right to demand or obtain information on any matters of his/her own or matters of public importance. Provided that nothing shall compel any person to provide information on any matter about which secrecy is to be maintained by law.”...Read more
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Article 19A of the Constitution of Pakistan introduced through the 18th amendment in 2010 guarantees the right to information as follows: “Every citizen shall have the right to have access to information in all matters of public importance subject to regulation and reasonable restrictions imposed by law.”...Read more
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Articles 29 and 61 of the Constitution guarantees the right to information as follows: “29. Everyone has the freedom to acquire and impart knowledge, information and learning. 61.(a) All statutes, regulations, government orders requiring compliance by citizens and government policies shall be published and made available to the public. (c) All information concerning government decisions shall be made public except information that is declared to be State Secrets by a law enacted by the People’s Majlis. (d) Every citizen has the right to obtain all information possessed by the Government about that person.”...Read more
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Article 7.3 of the Constitution guarantees the right to information as follows: “A Bhutanese citizen shall have the right to information.”...Read more
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